WAS THE BREXIT REFERENDUM GOOD DEMOCRACY?

To be democratic the following five tests need to be passed

1. IS THE QUESTION ANSWERABLE?
 
  • The question asked  has the implications/manifesto of each possible outcome fully known, sufficiently prior to the vote, and publicly available OR

  • where the implications of each outcome are not fully known, the question is put again when the implications are known and publicly available.

 
  Question is unclear or generally the alternative outcomes are unclear, unknown or do not make sense Question is clear but the implications of some of the more likely outcomes are unknown or unclear and when implications become known no possibility of reversal (by some later election or vote) is planned. Question is clear but implication of at least one of the more likely outcomes is unclear and when implications become known, no possibility of reversal (by some later election or vote) is planned. Question is clear, implications of one or more of the more likely outcomes is not fully known, but when these become known there may be another vote, but it is not guaranteed. Question is clear, implications are known or a second vote is guaranteed when implications become mostly known

 

YOUR SCORE
  0% 25% 50% 75% 100%  
Brexit Referendum  
General Election  

2. HAS THE ELECTORATE BEEN TRUTHFULLY AND FULLY INFORMED?
 
  • Unbiased media, or media that advertises its bias and is fairly distributed across the different bias
  • Immediate, well publicised apologies and retractions, when the media publishes lies, impossibilities, or unsubstantiated insinuations
  • Immediate well publicised apologies and retractions when politicians lie, cite statistics inaccurately, stop the other side of an argument being put.
 
  Media is entirely biased or government controlled, OR lies in the media or by politicians are never admitted Media is mostly biased in one direction/for one outcome/for one party, but pretends to be unbiased OR lies by politicians or media are rarely admitted, and usually not well publicised Media is biased and not fairly distributed across alternative answers, OR lies by politicians or media are admitted but only after the vote and then poorly publicised Media is mostly not biased, and the bias of different media is well known. Retractions are speedily (prior to any vote) and fully published for lies told by the media and politicians Media is unbiased or bias is fairly distributed and well known AND lies from politicians or the media usually lead to well publicised retractions prior to the vote

YOUR SCORE

  0% 25% 50% 75% 100%  
Brexit Referendum  
General Election  

3. ARE ALL ABLE TO BE REGISTERED AND INCLUDED IN THE VOTE?
 
  • All citizens and/or residents should be able to vote if they are physically able to vote and of an age and capacity to understand the question and any implications for themselves.
  • In particular, whether a national citizen or not, any resident whose future could be significantly affected by the decision should be able to vote. (principle of no taxation without representation)
 
  Only a few specific groups of citizens can vote OR most groups of citizens have no practical possibility to be included on the register The register of electorate is compromised badly, OR some able citizens have no franchise to vote, for example based on physical disability, wealth, gender, age, race, religion or sexual preference.. Register is mostly accurate but some residents or citizens for whom the decision is likely to be significant in their lives, do not have the right to vote. Register is inclusive for all citizens and all residents who pay tax in the country and who wish to register, although a significant group of citizens are unreasonably denied the right to vote. All citizens and residents have the right to vote if they are physically able and of an age and capacity to do so YOUR SCORE
  0% 25% 50% 75% 100%  
Brexit Referendum  
General Election  

4. IS THE VOTE FREE, THE COUNT OVERT AND ACCURATE AND THE TRUE RESULT PUBLICISED?
 
  • The act of voting is without harassment, potential harassment later, or any inducement and can be undertaken in timely, organised way without loss of income or undue travelling. 
  • Voting is undertaken in secret.  Every vote is recorded.  Multiple votes by the same person or group are not allowed.
  • Counting and publishing of results is sufficiently accurate that any errors cannot affect the result.
 
  Many people are unable to vote, discouraged from voting or induced to vote for one outcome or another, OR voting is not secret, OR counting is not overt and is compromised Harassment and inducement is practiced overtly in some areas OR queues are such that voting is not possible for many or too far to travel OR counting cannot be challenged OR some votes are not recorded Some voting is compromised by harassment or inducement, or queues or locations make voting impossible for a minority of the electorate. Counting can be challenged, but is not observable by all sides. Voting is mostly free and easy for all. Polls are accessible and open so that major queues do not form. Counting is observed by all sides and the outcome is broadly accepted and is a good approximation of the actual numbers. Voting is free and easy for all to undertake. The count is conducted fairly with observers from all outcomes agreeing the outcome. Count is fully and accurately published YOUR SCORE
  0% 25% 50% 75% 100%  
Brexit Referendum  
General Election  

5. IS THE SYSTEM FAIR AND IF SO DOES GOVERNMENT AGREE TO IMPLEMENT THE OUTCOME?
 
  • Well prior to voting the government publishes the voting system (one which is recognised internationally) and it indicates that it will undertake the outcome preferred if any outcome receives either the largest vote (subject or not to a minimum turnout) OR the votes of at least 50% of those on the electoral register
 
  The system used to decide the outcome is not published or published only after the vote has been counted OR the system is manipulated to provide a previously determined outcome, OR the outcome is ignored by government The system used to decide outcome does not fairly represent the majority, OR the outcome is largely ignored by the government The outcome selected is a manipulation of one of the voting groups, but not the majority OR the outcome is minimally implemented. The outcome selected is that which gets the majority of votes (subject, possibly, to minimum turnout). The outcome is partially implemented The outcome selected is that which gets the majority of votes (subject, possibly, to minimum turnout). The outcome is fully implemented YOUR SCORE
  0% 25% 50% 75% 100%  
Brexit Referendum  
General Election  

TOTALS:Brexit Referendum      
General Election